Zeynel Bey Tomb relocation - Int'l Open letter to 2 European Companies


Open letter to:
1) Bresser Eurasia BV.
Viltweg 1p, P.O. Box 5231, 3295 ZJ ’s-Gravendeel, The Netherlands
2) Korres Engineering
9 Varnali Str., Melissia 151 27, Athens, Greece

Request to withdraw from the relocation of the Zeynel Bey Tomb in
Hasankeyf/Turkey

05.12.2016

Dear Mr. Taco Bresser, Bresser Eurasia,
Dear Mr. Dimitri Korres, Korres Engineering,

As representatives of civil society organisations working to save
Hasankeyf, an ancient city in the predominantly Kurdish southeast of
Turkey, we write to urge you to withdraw from the project to relocate
the Tomb of Zeynel Bey.

From recent communication with Korres Engineering we understand that
your companies are jointly providing the technical expertise and
capability required to the Turkish company “Er-Bu” for the relocation of
the Zeynel Bey Tomb, with Korres Engineering contributing to the
planning and Bresser Eurasia in charge of the physical lifting and
transporting of the monument. We invite you to meet with us to discuss
further the concerns outlined below.

04-06-2016_zeynel-bey-turbe_protesto_2_sm

The Zeynel Bey Tomb, built nearly 600 years ago in the late-15th
century, is a cultural heritage property of the utmost importance.
Removal from its original location would be a tragic loss for all
humanity. It would also be the first step in the destruction of
Hasankeyf and of the ecosystem of the Tigris Valley, both threatened by
the Ilisu Dam and Hydroelectric Power Plant (HEPP) Project.

Your firms’ assistance in the relocation of the Zeynel Bey Tomb provides
critical support to the Ilisu Project, one of the most controversial dam
projects in the world and the subject of extensive domestic and
international criticism. In June 2009 the Export Credit Agencies (ECAs)
of Germany, Switzerland and Austria pulled out of the Ilisu Project –
followed by European Banks and most of the companies – due to the
extreme impact on cultural heritage, environment and local population.
This decision of the ECAs was taken after 2 years of intensive research
and discussions. The historical significance of Hasankeyf, especially
the city’s extraordinary collection of medieval Islamic monuments,
played a crucial role in this decision.

If implemented as planned, the Ilisu HEPP Project would flood a 136 km
stretch of the Tigris Valley, severely affecting approximately 55.000
people and compromising the habitat of thousands of species, including
numerous threatened endemic bird, fish and amphibian species. The area
to be flooded includes at least 289 archaeological sites, 199 villages
and the ancient city of Hasankeyf. In March 2016, Europa Nostra included
Hasankeyf in its 7 Most Endangered programme, describing it as “one of
the most important architectural and archaeological sites in Europe”1

The Zeynel Bey Tomb is particularly important, not least because it is
the most widely recognized symbol for the entire region. Reflecting
strong Persian and Central Asian influences, the tomb is a poignant
memorial to the rivalry between the Ottomans and the Akkoyunlu, a
Turkmen Tribal Confederation that preceded the Safavids in ruling Iran.
As the only Timurid-style monument in Anatolia, it expresses the overlap
between Anatolian and Iranian civilization in Upper Mesopotamia.

We recognize that your firms’ shared values in historical preservation
and your expertise in structure relocation may bring you to this project
in an attempt to salvage the monument for posterity. However, we are
concerned that the project may very likely result in grave and
irreparable damage. The beauty of the tomb depends largely on the visual
interplay of its shape and colour with the cliffs and peaks of the
surrounding landscape. To remove this monument from the alluvial plain
to a slope where it will stand close to modern structures and a
selection of architectural reconstructions is to rob the region of one
of its most distinctive and beloved historic buildings. As the value of
Hasankeyf’s immovable cultural heritage is inseparable from the
well-preserved medieval urban landscape, a small collection of salvaged
elements would have little significance outside their original context.

There are also legal questions about the bidding process by which the
lead contractor, Er-Bu Insaat, was selected. In addition, the project
has failed to obtain the approval of the regional chambers of architects
and engineers (TMMOB), which is a legal precondition of the project. We
also believe that this failure to consult the public on the decision to
move the tomb, the selection of its new location and the vetting and
validation of the technical plan for moving the structure contravenes
Turkish and European laws and conventions.

We note as well that, in the event that Hasankeyf is spared flooding,
this invaluable cultural landscape has the potential to become a
regional centre of cultural and adventure tourism. This alternative
would create thousands of jobs over the long-term, whereas the Ilisu
Project promises only 150 jobs over the long-term. This is why there is
such overwhelming opposition in the affected region to pursuing such a
destructive project.

The case of the Zeynel Bey Tomb is different from that of Abu Simbel.
Indeed, removal of the Zeynel Bey Tomb would be comparable to the
destruction of the Bamiyan statues, Palmyra and the Mostar Bridge.

To continue your involvement in this project, would, in our view, leave
Bresser Eurasia and Korres Engineering open to the charge of being party
to the destruction of a monument with outstanding cultural value, with
consequent reputational risks. We therefore very much hope that you will
withdraw.

As stated above, we would very much welcome a meeting to discuss our
concerns further.

Sincerely,

Ercan Ayboga, Initiative to Keep Hasankeyf Alive and Mesopotamian
Ecology Movement
John Crofoot, Hasankeyf Matters
Ali Al-Kharki, Iraqi Coordinator of the Save the Tigris and Iraqi
Marshes Campaign
Toon Bijnens, Iraqi Civil Society Solidarity Initiative
Nicholas Hildyard, Co-Director, The Corner House
Estella Schmid, Peace in Kurdistan Campaign
Heike Drillisch, Counter Current
Peter Bosshard, International Rivers
Ulrich Eichelmann, Riverwatch
Annelies Broekman, Xarxa per una Nova Cultura de l’Aigua
Ismaeel Dawood, Un Ponte Per
Wiert Wiertsema, Senior Policy Adviser, Both ENDS

Signing organizations:

+++ Initiative to Keep Hasankeyf Alive, Turkey +++ Mesopotamian Ecology
Movement, Turkey +++ Hasankeyf Matters, Turkey +++ Save the Tigris and
Iraqi Marshes Campaign, Iraq +++ Iraqi Civil Society Solidarity
Initiative, Iraq +++ Movement for the Protection of Aracthos River,
Greece +++ Ecological collective of Irakleio, Greece +++ Friends of the
Earth, Greece +++ Cultural Center of Kurdistan, Athens/Greece +++
Network for Social Ecology, Greece +++ Both Ends, Netherlands +++ The
Corner House, UK +++ Peace in Kurdistan Campaign, UK +++ Counter
Current, Germany +++ Ekologistak Martxan, Basque Country +++ BBVAren
aurkako Plataforma, Basque Country +++ Xarxa per una Nova Culutra
del’Aigua, Catalonia +++ Ecologistas en Acción Spain +++ Un Ponte Per,
Italy +++ Rivers Watch, Austria +++ International Rivers, USA +++

Further information:
www.hasankeyfgirisimi.com (regional initiative against the Ilisu Project)
www.hasankeyfmatters.com (group working on the cultural heritage in
Hasankeyf)
www.savethetigris.org (Save the Tigris and Iraqi Marshes Campaign)
www.stopilisu.com (former campaign against the European involvement)